(Washington) - Communities in 21 states, working in partnership with non-profit organizations and state and federal agencies, removed 72 dams in 2016, restoring more than 2,100 miles of streams to benefit public safety, local economies and our nation's natural heritage.
Dams were removed in the following states in 2016: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin.
In 2016, Pennsylvania had the highest number of removals for the fourteenth year in a row. The top three states removing outdated dams in 2016 were:
- Pennsylvania - 10 dams removed
- North Carolina - 7 dams removed
- Minnesota- 6 dams removed
"Removing outdated dams has become so popular across the country because it gives communities improved public safety, better water quality and more opportunities for local business and recreation," said Bob Irvin, President of American Rivers.
According to the Association of State Dam Safety Officials, America's dams are degrading faster than they are being repaired, the number of high hazard dams has increased over time, and the cost to rehabilitate dams continues to rise. By 2020, seventy percent of dams in the United States will be more than 50 years old. Aging dams can pose a serious safety threat for individuals and entire communities.
"Removing a dam can save lives," Irvin said. "Whether it's a small dam that presents a drowning hazard to swimmers and boaters, or a old dam in disrepair that would threaten downstream communities if it failed, local leaders are looking to dam removal to address public safety hazards."
River restoration delivers economic benefits. A 2012 study found that every $1 million spent on Massachusetts Division of Ecological Restoration projects resulted in 10 to 13 jobs created or maintained. A 2010 study in Oregon found that every $1 million spent on forest and watershed restoration resulted in 15-23 new jobs and $2.1-2.3 million in economic activity. The economic benefits of dam removal are summarized in a 2016 report by Headwaters Economics. See https://headwaterseconomics.org/wphw/wp-content/uploads/Report-Dam-Removal-Case-Studies.pdf
"Americans love their rivers, and dam removal is a win-win solution," Irvin said.
American Rivers is the only organization maintaining a record of dam removals in the United States. The database includes information on 1,383 dams that have been removed across the country since 1912. Most of those dams (1,173) were removed in the past 30 years.
American Rivers played a role in 18 of the dam removals on this year's list. The list includes all known dam removals, regardless of the extent of American Rivers' involvement.
To accompany the 2016 list, American Rivers updated the interactive map that includes all known dam removals in the United States as far back as 1916. Visit www.AmericanRivers.org/DamRemovalsMap
Highlights of dam removal and river restoration efforts in 2016 include:
Ottine Dam, San Marcos River, Texas
This 108-year old dam was damaged by a storm in 2008 and had been a safety hazard in the San Marcos River ever since. Dam removal restored 39 miles of river, benefitting kayakers and canoeists as well as fish and wildlife. Boaters that participate in the Texas Water Safari annual race from the San Marcos headwaters to the coast will no longer be required to carry their equipment up and down a steep incline to bypass the dam. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department is considering adding the stretch of river to the paddling trails system for Palmetto State Park. For more information: https://www.fws.gov/southwest/docs/OttineDamNR012016.pdf
Hogansburg Dam, Saint Regis River, New York
Following the decision that re-licensing of the Hogansburg Project was cost-prohibitive, the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe led the removal of the 281-foot long and 12-foot high Hogansburg Dam. Completion of the project marked the first removal of a federally-licensed dam in the U.S. by a Native American tribe, and the first removal of a hydropower dam in New York State. As the first impassible barrier to fish on the St. Regis River, removal of the dam restored access to 555 miles of stream habitat and returned project land to the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe. For more information: http://www.srmtenv.org/index.php?spec=2016/04/wrp/hogansburg-dam-removal
Shuford Mill Dam, Henry Fork River, North Carolina
The Shuford Mill Dam, formerly a 35-foot tall, 275-foot wide masonry and concrete dam on the Henry Fork River in Brookford, North Carolina, had outlived its usefulness. It was constructed in the late 1800s to power an adjacent textile mill, which closed years ago. Dam removal eliminated the public safety risk posed by the unmaintained dam, improved the local community's ability to recreate safely on the Henry Fork River, and restored ten miles of river habitat for fish and wildlife. This project is an excellent example of partnership among American Rivers and other non-profit, state and federal partners. For more information: https://www.americanrivers.org/2016/08/shuford-dam-removal/
Hughesville Dam, Musconetcong River, New Jersey
The removal of Hughesville Dam, the lowest blockage on the Musconetcong River, helps restore fish and wildlife and water quality in this federally designated Wild and Scenic River. Dam removal restored access to two miles of historic river herring spawning and nursery habitat, and will benefit American shad, alewife and American eel. The Musconetcong Watershed Association coordinated work with property owners, engineers, contractors and partners including U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, American Rivers and others. For more information: http://www.musconetcong.org/upcomingprojects.php
For more information on these and other 2016 removals, please see our full list.
About American Rivers
American Rivers protects wild rivers, restores damaged rivers, and conserves clean water for people and nature. Since 1973, American Rivers has protected and restored more than 150,000 miles of rivers through advocacy efforts, on-the-ground projects, and an annual America's Most Endangered Rivers® campaign. Headquartered in Washington, DC, American Rivers has offices across the country and more than 250,000 members, supporters, and volunteers.